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Pair of Superimposed (Two-Shot)
Queen Anne Flintlock Pistols
By Charles Pickfatt Circa 1740
In an era when breach loaders were rare, a two-shot breach loader was extraordinary. These Superimposed Queen Anne Pistols use two simultaneous loads of black powder and a ball, one on top of the other in the same barrel. Each load has a corresponding touch hole allowing it to be individually ignited. The first ball loaded acts as a seal to prevent the second load from igniting the first when fired.
Loading & Firing
To load one of the pistols unscrew the barrel and insert the first ball. Then add powder followed by the second ball. Screw the barrel back on. But wait you say, there is no black powder behind the first ball. Right!
Superimposed Queen Anne Pistol
Queen Anne Pistol
Unscrewing the trigger guard reveals an opening to the empty chamber behind the first ball. Add some black powder and screw the trigger guard back on.
Pull the hammer back to half-cock the pistol. The flash pan has a silver knob that rotates a cylinder. Turning the knob to the left reveals a chamber with its own touch hole. This touch hole leads to the powder behind the first ball that was loaded into the barrel. Fill this chamber with priming powder and turn the knob all the way to the right.
Queen Anne Pistol
Queen Anne Pistol
The cylinder rotates and the flash pan is empty again. The primer and touch hole for the first ball is now safely hidden. A second hole in the top of the flash pan leads to the powder behind the second ball loaded. Fill the flash pan with priming powder and close the frizzen.
Now we are ready to fire. Full cock the pistol, take aim and fire. Half-cock the pistol and rotate the flash pan knob fully to the left. Close the frizzen. Full cock the pistol, take aim and fire. If you did everything right you just fired two shots without reloading. If not you may be on your way to the hospital or something worse.

Description
Superimposed Queen Anne Pistols like these are very rare. The barrels resemble cannons and have unscrewing lugs. The walnut stocks have inlaid silver wire with relief carvings around the barrel tang, silver escutcheon and silver side plate. The silver Ball and Cheek butt cap has a detachable Grotesque Mask. a silver knob on the flash pan rotates to slelect the proper touch hole. "PICKFATT" is engraved on the side of the breech below the feather (frizzen) spring. Three proof marks are stamped on bottom of breech. Two are oval shaped, a Crown over a "GP" (the gun-makers proof) and a Crown over a "V" (the "view mark"). The third is Charles Pickfatt`s maker`s mark, "CP".
Overview
Type: Belt Pistol
Style: Superimposed Queen Anne
Country: England
Overall Length: 13 1/2 inches
Barrel Length: 5 15/16 inches
Weight: 1 lb, 13 oz
Bore: 0.62 inches, Smooth
Stock: Walnut, Ball & Cheek Style

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Charles Pickfatt
Charles Pickfatt`s father, Humphrey Pickfatt Jr. was admitted as a freeman of the Gunmakers` Company in 1688 and was elected Master of the Company in 1706. He was issued contracts by the Board of Ordnance from 1689 to 1721 (3). The East India Company, Hudson`s Bay Company (1) and Royal African Company all placed orders with Pickfatt.

Charles Pickfatt was born in 1696 and baptized on May 10 at St. Andrew, Holborn (2). The church is located in the northwestern edge of the City of London. In 1719 Charles was made a freeman of the Gunmakers` Company by patrimony (property inherited from one`s father or male ancestor). The Board of Ordnance issued contracts in his name beginning in 1727 until he retired in 1757 (3).

References
(1) Gunmakers to the Hudson`s Bay Company, by Gooding, S. James, pages 19 to 21
Arms Collecting Vol. 11, No. 1 (Feb. 1973), Museum Restoration Service, Bloomfield, Ontario

(2) London Metropolitan Archives, St Andrew Holborn, Register of baptisms, 1693 - 1704, P82/AND2/A/001/MS06667, Item 006
UK National Archives

(3) British Board of Ordnance Contractors 1689-1840 by D.W. Bailey
Museum Restoration Service, Bloomfield, Ontario


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