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Queen Anne Flintlock Carbine
by Henry Delaney, Circa 1720
This is an extremely rare Queen Anne styled flintlock carbine. Like a Queen Anne pistol, it has a turn-off barrel that resembles a cannon. The barrel is fitted with a hinged retaining link at the breech (1). It is rifled with eight grooves and has an unscrewing lug. "H. DELANEY LONDINI" is engraved on the lower lock side of breech. Londini is the Latin place name for London. The walnut stock has relief carvings around the barrel tang, steel escutcheon and steel butt plate. Three proof marks are stamped on lower side of breech opposite the lock. Two are oval shaped, a Crown over a "GP" (the gun-makers proof) and a Crown over a "V" (the "view mark"). The third is a Fleur de lis.
Type: Carbine
Style: Queen Anne Flintlock
Country: England
Overall Length: 37 1/2 inches
Barrel Length: 22 1/2 inches
Weight: 4 lb, 8 oz
Bore: .67 inches, Rifled
Stock: Walnut

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Henry Delany
Henry Delany was a Huguenot immigrant to England. The Huguenots were French Protestants. They were escaping persecution after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes by Louis XIV in 1685.

Delany was admitted to the freedom of the Gunmakers Company in 1715. He worked in Long Acre, Holborn and was recorded as a "Maker of fine breech loading sporting guns and silver-mounted pistols". Delany died in 1745. (2) (3)

In addition to the Queen Anne Carbine shown here, two similar carbines by Henry Delany are know to exist. One was once on display at the Tower of London and is currently in store at the Royal Armory in Leeds. Its museum number is XII.4851 (4). The other is in an undisclosed private collection.

(1)The Captive-Barrel Breech-Loader by D. Ross MacInnis, pages 75-77
Arms Collecting Vol. 37, No. 3 (Aug. 1999), Museum Restoration Service, Bloomfield, Ontario

(2) The Huguenot Gunmakers of London by Gary Kraidman, Pages 124 and 125
Proceedings Of The Huguenot Society Of London, Vol. VI No. 4 ,December 1968

(3) Great British Gunmakers: 1540-1740 by William Keith Neal & D.H.L. Back, Historical Firearms (Oct 1984)

(4) Jonathan Ferguson, Curator of Firearms, Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds (Sep 2011)

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