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Belt Pistol with Patilla Style Miquelet Lock
by Luis Rodriguez of Salamanca, dated 1761
This Miquelet Pistol was made by Luis Rodriguez of Salamanca Spain. It`s barrel has Rodriguez`s mark and counter marks, and the lock is signed and dated 1761. The stock resembles a shortened version of a contemporary long gun`s stock. The well known collector and author Keith Neal called it a "gun butt stock." Neal owned this pistol and uses it as an example of the style in his book Spanish Guns and Pistols (1).

Patilla style miquelet locks have a large external main spring. The spring exerts an upward force on the hammer`s heel. Two horizontal sears pass through the lock plate in front of the hammer. The lower one is the half cock sear. It locks the hammer`s toe in a safe position for loading and carrying the weapon. The upper one is the full cock sear. It prevents the hammer from falling until the trigger is pulled (2). At sometime in the mid-1800s this pistol was converted to percussion.

Type: Belt Pistol
Style: Miquelet, Patilla
Country: Spain, Salamanca
Overall Length: 16 inches
Barrel Length: 10 1/4 inches
Weight: 1 lb 13 5/8 oz
Bore Diameter: .665 inches, Smooth
Stock: Walnut, Gun Butt
Detailed Description
The swamped barrel is octagonal at the breech with a gold-lined makers mark (punzon). The crowned mark has three lines of text "LVIS" over a right justified "z" over "ROD.". This mark belongs to the gunmaker Luis Rodriguez (3). There are three mask style counter-marks above the makers mark, each on a different facet of the octagonal barrel (see photo). The barrel tang is plain and fastened from the top. The waist section has three rings where the barrel transitions to round. The first of these rings is very narrow. The barrel is held to a full walnut stock with a barrel band. The horn tipped ramrod appears to be a replacement. The gun butt stock has a steel butt cap. The patilla style miquelet lock is signed "LVIS RoDz" "CA SALAM 1761" The lock has been converted to percussion. The simple screw-plate has a long belt hook. The belt hook has a pierced heart shaped end. Attached to the trigger guard is a medallion numbered P28 and inscribed "WILLIAM KEITH NEAL COLLECTION", "TRUTH WILL CONQUER".

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Luis Rodriguez
Very little is known about Luis Rodriguez. He was a gunmaker working in Salamanca during the latter part of the 18th century. Salamanca is the capital of the Province of Salamanca in the community of Castile and Leon (3).
(1) Pistols page 26
Spanish Guns and Pistols by W. Keith Neal (1955)

(2) The Spanish Lock, Page 157, 158, 166 and 184
A History of Spanish Firearms by Dr. James D. Lavin (1965)

(3) List of Spanish Gunmakers #148, page 96 and 100
Spanish Guns and Pistols by W. Keith Neal (1955)

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